Yarmouth Agency of the

Bank of Nova Scotia


In the nineteenth century the Town of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, was served by three banks: the Bank of Nova Scotia, beginning in Yarmouth in 1839; the Bank of Yarmouth, beginning in 1865; and the Exchange Bank of Yarmouth, beginning in 1869 [1, pp. 373–374]. As for the first,

  1. “The Yarmouth Agency of the Bank of Nova Scotia was established in February, 1839, under the joint management of James Bond and Stayley Brown. Upon Mr. Brown’s retirement in 1842, Dr. Bond remained sole manager until his death, in 1854, when his son, Norman J. Bond, succeeded. He resigned in 1858, when James Murray was appointed manager. Mr. Murray conducted the Agency until April, 1881, after which George W. Daniel held the position for a year, and in May 1882, was succeeded by the present [as of 1888] incumbent, J. H. Lombard.” [1, pp. 373–374]

From 1839 until 1881 the Yarmouth Agency of the Bank of Nova Scotia appeared to be a family-run business since James Bond’s daughter, Elizabeth, married Stayley Brown’s son, and Bond’s daughter, Anne, married James Murray. [2, pp. 46, 383]

This album features: the four earliest agents of the Bank of Nova Scotia in Yarmouth, the beautiful residences in which they lived, and the bank building that was built in 1891 to accommodate the Agency’s thriving business.

References and Notes

      [1] George S. Brown, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia: A Sequel to Campbell’s History. Rand Avery Company, Printers, Boston, 1888. 524 pp.

      [2] George S. Brown, Yarmouth Nova Scotia Genealogies: Transcribed from the Yarmouth Herald. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1983. ix+947 pp.

      [3] Colin D. Howell, “Bond, Joseph Norman,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 6, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed Nov. 7, 2015. Available online.

      [4] The Canadian Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-made Men: Quebec and Maritime Provinces Volume, Volume 2. American Biographical Publishing Company, 1881. 759 pp. Available online.

      [5] The Murray Manor, 225 Main St., Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, is an historic place in the Canadian Register of Historic Places (CRHP), available online.

      [6] Heritage Inventory Site Form for the Murray Manor, 225 Main Street, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. Prepared by Kathleen Lockhart, undated. Available at the archives of the Yarmouth County Museum and Archives (YCMA).

      [7] Excerpts from a letter, dated 27 March 1997, from Don Mikel to Joan Semple, which is filed with [6].

      [8] Yarmouth County Historical Society, “Rock Cottage Has Interesting History,” an undated newspaper clipping, probably from The Yarmouth County Vanguard. (Y MS1 193 B1, YCMA).

      [9] Topographical Township Map of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia. From actual surveys drawn & engraved under the direction of H. F. Walling. Published by A. F. Church & Co., Granville Str., Halifax. Entered according to law on the twenty-fourth day of March A. D. 1864 by Ambrose F. Church of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Despite the misleading date, the surveys in Yarmouth County were conducted about 1866, and the map was completed in 1871.

      [10] J. Murray Lawson, Yarmouth Past and Present: A Book of Reminiscences. Yarmouth Herald Office, Yarmouth, NS, 1902. 681 pp.

      [11] I thank archivist Lisette Gaudet, of the Yarmouth County Museum and Archives, for providing access to Ambrose F. Church’s map of Yarmouth County, and to photographs and archival material about the Bank of Nova Scotia and its agents. All photographs labeled YCMA are copyrighted; please contact the Archives if you wish to obtain copies.

William Day (1 October 2016)